compensate v. 补偿。酬报
短语compensate somebody for loss 赔偿某人损失
例Management compensated us for the time we worked.
The company compensates her for extra work.
compensation n. ①补偿，赔偿 ②酬金
短语in compensation for 以……为报酬/赔偿
make compensation for 补偿/赔偿……
compensation trade 补偿贸易
make compensation for somebody's losses 补偿某人的损失
例Equal compensation should be given to men and women for equal work.
The airline passenger demanded compensation for the loss of all her luggage.
She was given $3,000- in compensation.
compete v. 比赛，竞争
短语compete with/against sb. for sth. 与某人竞争而获得某物
例Japan competed with other countries for world market.
competition n. 比赛，竞争
短语keep trade competition between 在……之间保持剧烈的贸易竞争
fair competition 公平竞争
horizontal competition 同业竞争
例The competition has cornered the market.
competitor n. 竞争者，对手
例Competitors in the book trade did their best to undercut each other's prices.
This firm is one of our biggest competitors.