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芬兰试行基本收

分类:经济Business   更新:2016/9/11   来源:网络

  Finland said that it was planning to test the basic income scheme in order to protect state finances and move more people into the labour market by paying a basic income of Euro 560 (Pound 450).

  芬兰政府日前表示,该国将就向每位公民发放560欧元(折合450英镑)月基本收入计划进行试验,以促进更多的人就业。

  The Social Insurance Institution of Finland – Kela – will carry out the experiment that would start in 2017 and include 2,000 working-age residents who are randomly selected.

  芬兰社会保险局KELA将于明年开始对2000名随机挑选的芬兰适龄劳动力开展这个试验。

  Prime Minister Juha Sipila, who took office 15 months ago, had promised in his manifesto to pay the amount as an unconditional basic income.

  芬兰总理尤哈·西皮莱于15个月前上任时,曾承诺无条件为全民发放基本收入。

  According to reports, he wants to test if this step will increase employment and simplify welfare benefits system.

  据报道,他想试验此举是否能促进就业、简化福利制度。

  Health and social affairs ministry said in a statement, "The primary goal of the basic income experiment is related to promoting employment," and also added that its target was to simplify the complex benefits system in a sustainable way.

  芬兰卫生和社会事务部在一份声明中称,“基本收入计划的主要目的是促进就业”,并补充称本项计划的目标是用可持续的方式简化复杂的福利制度。

  The ministry also said that to assess the effect of basic income, participants would be held up against a control group. The group would not include retired people receiving pension benefits or students.

  该部门还表示,为了评估基本收入计划的实施效果,参考者将在一个控制组内进行,控制组不包括那些享受退休金待遇的老人以及学生。

  In June, Switzerland rejected the idea of paying a universal basic income of 2,500 francs (pound 1,755) to adults and 625 francs to a child, in a referendum.

  今年6月,瑞士一项公投否决了给成人每月发放2500法郞(折合1755英镑)、小孩每月发放625法郞的基本收入计划。

  However, the Finnish authorities made it clear by saying "An experiment means that, at this point, basic income will not be paid to the whole population."

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