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霍金预言大脑可以被复制到电脑上

霍金预言大脑可以被复制到电脑上

分类:科技Science   更新:2015/4/20   来源:科技Science

霍金预言大脑可以被复制到电脑上

    本周四,斯蒂芬·霍金在有关其生平的纪录片电影首映式上表示,大脑就像是计算机里的一个程序,因此从理论上来说,大脑可以被复制到电脑上,人死后,大脑可以在电脑里以另一种形态存活。不过,他同时也指出,这一设想远远超出了目前的技术水平,他还认为“传统意义上的死后重生只是童话”。
    physicist1 Stephen Hawking2 with his sister Mary at the premiere of the documentary Hawking in Cambridge.
    Theoretical physicist Stephen Hawking with his sister Mary at the premiere of the documentary Hawking in Cambridge.
    Stephen Hawking has said he believes brains could exist independently of the body, but that the idea of a conventional afterlife is a fairy tale.   Speaking at the premiere(首映) of a documentary film about his life, the theoretical physicist said: "I think the brain is like a programme in the mind, which is like a netputer, so it's theoretically possible to copy the brain on to a netputer and so provide a form of life after death.   "However, this is way beyond out present capabilities3. I think the conventional afterlife is a fairy tale for people afraid of the dark."   The 71-year-old author of A Brief History of Time, who earlier this week backed the right for the terminally ill to end their lives as long as safeguards were in place, was diagnosed with motor neurone disease at the age of 21 and given two to three years to live.   "All my life I have lived with the threat of an early death, so I hate wasting time," Hawking said on Thursday night, using the netputer-generated voice he controls with a facial muscle and a blink from one eye.   The documentary explores the headlong(轻率的) rush of a brilliant schoolboy with illegible4(难辨认的) handwriting who enjoyed the dilettante5(业余艺术爱好的) life of Oxford6 University before illness sparked a lifelong frenzy7 of discovery about the origins of the universe, which began as a graduate at Cambridge University and has astounded8 the world.   The film premiered in the same year as the release of his autobiography9, Stephen Hawking: My Brief History.   His sister Mary says in the film that her brother was highly netpetitive and curious about everything in a household which friends described as very academic, and explains how she received a doll's house as a present when they were children, to which Stephen immediately added plumbing10 and electricity.   She told Reuters that life with her brother was engaging, exciting and occasionally frustrating11. "It's a waste of time arguing with Stephen, he always manages to turn the argument round," she said.   The film goes back to his childhood and his student days and shows the scientist, who uses a wheelchair, at home with carers. It also explores his family life with first wife, Jane, and their three children, the breakdown12 of their marriage and his subsequent marriage to one of his carers.   Jane appears on camera to explain how the pressures of caring for the children and the increasingly disabled Hawking became even worse once full-time13 nurses were brought into the home, obliterating14 any privacy.   His second wife and former nurse, Elaine Mason, does not appear in the film, and Hawking portrays15 their 1995-2007 marriage with a few pictures and a brief description.
    点击收听单词发音 
    1 physicist      n.物理学家,研究物理学的人 参考例句:
    He is a physicist of the first rank.他是一流的物理学家。
    The successful physicist never puts on airs.这位卓有成就的物理学家从不摆架子。
    2 hawking      利用鹰行猎 参考例句:
    He is hawking his goods everywhere. 他在到处兜售他的货物。
    We obtain the event horizon and the Hawking spectrumformula. 得到了黑洞的局部事件视界位置和Hawking温度以及Klein—Gordon粒子的Hawking辐射谱。
    3 capabilities      n.能力( capability的名词复数 );可能;容量;[复数]潜在能力 参考例句:
    He was somewhat pompous and had a high opinion of his own capabilities. 他有点自大,自视甚高。 来自辞典例句
    Some programmers use tabs to break netplex product capabilities into smaller chunks. 一些程序员认为,标签可以将复杂的功能分为每个窗格一组简单的功能。 来自About Face 3交互设计精髓
    4 illegible      adj.难以辨认的,字迹模糊的 参考例句:
    It is impossible to deliver this letter because the address is illegible.由于地址字迹不清,致使信件无法投递。
    Can you see what this note says—his writing is almost illegible!你能看出这个便条上写些什么吗?他的笔迹几乎无法辨认。
    5 dilettante      n.半瓶醋,业余爱好者 参考例句:
    He is a master of that area even if he is a dilettante.虽然他只是个业余爱好者,但却是一流的高手。
    I'm too serious to be a dilettante and too much a dabbler to be a professional.作为一个业余艺术爱好者我过于严肃认真了,而为一个专业人员我又太业余了。
    6 Oxford      n.牛津(英国城市) 参考例句:
    At present he has benete a Professor of Chemistry

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