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纹身墨水中含有致癌物

纹身墨水中含有致癌物

分类:科技Science   更新:2015/4/20   来源:科技Science

纹身墨水中含有致癌物

    英国科学家表示,纹身墨水中的毒素被身体吸收后可能会致癌。他们认为,纹身墨水中的纳米颗粒进入血管后会聚集在脾脏和肾脏,从而影响身体的排毒功能。   Toxins1 from tattoo2 ink could be absorbed into the body and cause cancer, scientists have revealed.   Experts believe ink nanoparticles could enter the bloodstream and accumulate in the spleen(脾脏) and kidneys, harming the body's ability to filter impurities3.   Studies have found that some ink used in the UK contains known carcinogens(致癌物) and scientists want more regulation of the dyes used by the industry.   Public Health England says that some inks contain substances such as cobalt(钴) and mercury.   Scientists want similar regulations on tattoo dyes that have been introduced on the smoking and sunbathing4 industries.   Desmond Tobin, director of Bradford University's centre for skin sciences, told The Sunday Times that he was shocked to discover there was no regulation on inks.   He said: 'We need to do more work, but there is no question that these substances can be toxic5.'   About 20 percent of British adults have a tattoo and last month Public Health England published new guidance on the industry.   It said: 'Some inks are sold with little or no acnetpanying product data, and their netposition may remain uncertain even at the point of use.'   The report found that red colours have been found to contain mercury, while greens and blues6 have been found to contain cobalt.   A study by Jorgen Serup, Copenhagen's university hospital's professor of dermatology, found carcinogenic chemicals in 13 of 21 netmonly used European tattoo inks.   He told paper: 'Millions of Europeans are now being tattooed7 with chemical substances of unknown origin.'   Professor Serup wants people to be given written information about the risks of tattoos8 and wants further research into the potential dangers.   Two years ago the U.S. Food and Drug Administration launched an investigation10 after research found inks contained potentially dangerous substances including metals and hyrocarbons that are known carcinogens.   One chemical netmonly used to make black tattoo ink called benzo(a)pyrene is known to be a potent9 carcinogen that causes skin cancer in animal tests.
    点击收听单词发音 
    1 toxins      n.毒素( toxin的名词复数 ) 参考例句:
    The seas have been used as a receptacle for a range of industrial toxins. 海洋成了各种有毒工业废料的大容器。
    Most toxins are naturally excreted from the body. 大部分毒素被自然排出体外。 来自《简明英汉词典》
    2 tattoo      n.纹身,(皮肤上的)刺花纹;vt.刺花纹于 参考例句:
    I've decided to get my tattoo removed.我已经决定去掉我身上的纹身。
    He had a tattoo on the back of his hand.他手背上刺有花纹。
    3 impurities      不纯( impurity的名词复数 ); 不洁; 淫秽; 杂质 参考例句:
    A filter will remove most impurities found in water. 过滤器会滤掉水中的大部分杂质。
    Oil is refined to remove naturally occurring impurities. 油经过提炼去除天然存在的杂质。
    4 sunbathing      n.日光浴 参考例句:
    tourists sunbathing on the beach 在海滩上沐浴着阳光的游客
    We've been sunbathing on the beach. 我们一直在海滩上晒日光浴。
    5 toxic      adj.有毒的,因中毒引起的 参考例句:
    The factory had accidentally released a quantity of toxic waste into the sea.这家工厂意外泄漏大量有毒废物到海中。
    There is a risk that toxic chemicals might be blasted into the atmosphere.爆炸后有毒化学物质可能会进入大气层。
    6 blues      n.抑郁,沮丧;布鲁斯音乐 参考例句:
    She was in the back of a smoky bar singing the blues.她在烟雾弥漫的酒吧深处唱着布鲁斯歌曲。
    He was in the blues on account of his failure in business.他因事业失败而意志消沉。
    7 tattooed      v.刺青,文身( tattoo的过去式和过去分词 );连续有节奏地敲击;作连续有节奏的敲击 参考例句:
    He had tattooed his wife's name on his upper arm. 他把妻子的名字刺在上臂上。 来自《简明英汉词典》
    The sailor had a heart tattooed on his arm. 那水兵在手臂上刺上一颗心。 来自《现代英汉综合大词典》
    8 tattoos      n.文身( tattoo的名词复数 );归营鼓;军队夜间表演操;连续有节奏的敲击声v.刺青,文身( tattoo的第三人称单数 );连续有节奏地敲击;作连续有节奏的敲击 参考例句:
    His arms were covered in tattoos. 他的胳膊上刺满了花纹。
    His arms were covered in tattoos. 他的双臂刺满了纹身。 来自《简明英汉词典》
    9 potent      adj.强有力的,有权势的;有效力的 参考例句:
    The medicine had a potent effect on your disease.这药物对你的病疗效很大。
    We must account of his potent influence.我们必须考虑他的强有力的影响。
    10 investigation      n.调查,调查研究 参考例句:
    In an investigation,a

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