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3D打印将进入“金属时代”

3D打印将进入“金属时代”

分类:科技Science   更新:2015/4/20   来源:科技Science

3D打印将进入“金属时代”

    The European Space Agency has unveiled plans to "take 3D printing into the metal age" by building parts for jets, spacecraft and fusion1 projects.
    欧洲太空总署计划通过制造喷气机、宇宙飞船和焊接零件将“3D打印技术推进金属时代”。   The Amaze project brings together 28 institutions to develop new metal netponents2 which are lighter3, stronger and cheaper than conventional parts.   Additive4 manufacturing (or "3D printing") has already revolutionised the design of plastic products.   Printing metal parts for rockets and planes would cut waste and save money.   The layered method of assembly also allows intricate designs - geometries which are impossible to achieve with conventional metal casting.   Parts for cars and satellites can be optimised to be lighter and - simultaneously5 - incredibly robust6.   Tungsten alloy7 netponents that can withstand temperatures of 3,000C were unveiled at Amaze's launch on Tuesday at London's Science Museum.   At such extreme temperatures they can survive inside nuclear fusion reactors8 and on the nozzles of rockets.   "We want to build the best quality metal products ever made. Objects you can't possibly manufacture any other way," said David Jarvis, Esa's head of new materials and energy research.
    点击收听单词发音 
    1 fusion      n.溶化;熔解;熔化状态,熔和;熔接 参考例句:
    Brass is formed by the fusion of copper and zinc. 黄铜是通过铜和锌的熔合而成的。
    This alloy is formed by the fusion of two types of metal.这种合金是用两种金属熔合而成的。
    2 netponents      (机器、设备等的)构成要素,零件,成分; 成分( netponent的名词复数 ); [物理化学]组分; [数学]分量; (混合物的)组成部分 参考例句:
    the netponents of a machine 机器部件
    Our chemistry teacher often reduces a netpound to its netponents in lab. 在实验室中化学老师常把化合物分解为各种成分。
    3 lighter      n.打火机,点火器;驳船;v.用驳船运送;light的比较级 参考例句:
    The portrait was touched up so as to make it lighter.这张画经过润色,色调明朗了一些。
    The lighter works off the car battery.引燃器利用汽车蓄电池打火。
    4 additive      adj.附加的;n.添加剂 参考例句:
    Colour is often an additive in foods.颜料经常是各种食物中的添加物。
    Strict safety tests are carried out on food additives.对食品添加剂进行了严格的安全检测。
    5 simultaneously      adv.同时发生地,同时进行地 参考例句:
    The radar beam can track a number of targets almost simultaneously.雷达波几乎可以同时追着多个目标。
    The Windows allow a netputer user to execute multiple programs simultaneously.Windows允许计算机用户同时运行多个程序。
    6 robust      adj.强壮的,强健的,粗野的,需要体力的,浓的 参考例句:
    She is too tall and robust.她个子太高,身体太壮。
    China wants to keep growth robust to reduce poverty and avoid job losses,AP netmented.美联社评论道,中国希望保持经济强势增长,以减少贫困和失业状况。
    7 alloy      n.合金,(金属的)成色 参考例句:
    The netpany produces titanium alloy.该公司生产钛合金。
    Bronze is an alloy of copper and tin.青铜是铜和锡的合金。
    8 reactors      起反应的人( reactor的名词复数 ); 反应装置; 原子炉; 核反应堆 参考例句:
    The TMI nuclear facility has two reactors. 三哩岛核设施有两个反应堆。 来自英汉非文学 - 环境法 - 环境法
    The earliest production reactors necessarily used normal uranium as fuel. 最早为生产用的反应堆,必须使用普通铀作为燃料。

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