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用3D打印技术来修复一个病人的脸部

用3D打印技术来修复一个病人的脸部

分类:科技Science   更新:2015/4/20   来源:科技Science

用3D打印技术来修复一个病人的脸部

    Surgeons in Swansea are using 3D printing technology to rebuild a patient's face which was crushed in a motorbike accident.
    英国斯旺西的外科医生正在用3D打印技术来修复一个病人的脸部,该患者的脸在一次摩托车事故中受创。   It works by using images from a CT scan to design implants1 that are created in titanium by a 3D printer.   The groundbreaking work is being led by Morriston Hospital consultant2 maxillofacial(颌面部) surgeon Adrian Sugar.   It is being featured in an exhibition at the Science Museum in London before the operation itself is carried out.   There have been cases using custom-made titanium implants to correct congenital(先天的) conditions, those which arise at birth or shortly after.   However, this is thought to be one of the first such reconstructions4 following an injury.   Abertawe Bro Morgannwg University Health Board's maxillofacial laboratory services manager and reconstructive scientist Peter Evans said: "The patient suffered trauma5 and had multiple injuries across his body, including some quite severe facial injuries.   "He underwent emergency surgery at the time and we are now at the stage where we can do a proper reconstruction3 of his face."   The project is the work of the Centre of Applied6 Reconstructive Technologies in Surgery (Cartis).   The centre was established in 2006 as a partnership7 between Morriston Hospital's maxillofacial unit and Product Design and Research (PDR) based at Cardiff Metropolitan8 University.   Cartis aims to make Wales a world leader in the research, development and application of advanced medical technologies in surgery.   Mr Sugar and Mr Evans worked with PDR's Sean Peel and Ffion O'Malley to plan the netplex surgery, which will involve repositioning the patient's facial bones.   They worked from a CT scan that allowed them to create a mirror image of the unaffected side of the patient's face.   From this they designed guides to cut and position the bones with pinpoint9 accuracy, as well as implants tailor-made for the patient.   The guides and implants are being produced from medical-grade titanium in Belgium.   Mr Evans added: "We have done everything up the point of surgery. The concept of the operation has been virtually designed and we hope to do the work very soon.   "The patient's facial symmetry will be restored so he should be back to normal as far as his facial looks are concerned."
    点击收听单词发音 
    1 implants      n.(植入身体中的)移植物( implant的名词复数 ) 参考例句:
    Hormone implants are used as growth boosters. 激素植入物被用作生长辅助剂。 来自《简明英汉词典》
    Perhaps the most far-reaching project is an initiative called Living Implants From Engineering (LIFE). 也许最具深远意义的项目,是刚刚启动的建造活体移植工程 (LIFE)。 来自英汉非文学 - 生命科学 - 医学的第四次革命
    2 consultant      n.顾问;会诊医师,专科医生 参考例句:
    He is a consultant on law affairs to the mayor.他是市长的一个法律顾问。
    Originally,Gar had agreed to nete up as a consultant.原来,加尔只答应来充当我们的顾问。
    3 reconstruction      n.重建,再现,复原 参考例句:
    The country faces a huge task of national reconstruction following the war.战后,该国面临着重建家园的艰巨任务。
    In the period of reconstruction,technique decides everything.在重建时期,技术决定一切。
    4 reconstructions      重建( reconstruction的名词复数 ); 再现; 重建物; 复原物 参考例句:
    Multicolored reconstructions have been formed using (black and white) volume holographic plates. 利用黑白体积全息片已经做成了彩色重建象。
    The method gives ways to evaluate collision speed in traffic accident reconstructions. 该模型为交通事故再现推算碰撞速度提供了有效实用的方法。
    5 trauma      n.外伤,精神创伤 参考例句:
    Counselling is helping him work through this trauma.心理辅导正帮助他面对痛苦。
    The phobia may have its root in a childhood trauma.恐惧症可能源于童年时期的创伤。
    6 applied      adj.应用的;v.应用,适用 参考例句:
    She plans to take a course in applied linguistics.她打算学习应用语言学课程。
    This cream is best applied to the face at night.这种乳霜最好晚上擦脸用。
    7 partnership      n.合作关系,伙伴关系 参考例句:
    The netpany has gone into partnership with Swiss Bank Corporation.这家公司已经和瑞士银行公司建立合作关系。
    Martin has taken him into general partnership in his netpany.马丁已让他成为公司的普通合伙人。
    8 metropolitan      adj.大城市的,大都会的 参考例句:
   

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