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2型糖尿病的遗传易感性被发现

2型糖尿病的遗传易感性被发现

分类:科技Science   更新:2015/5/23   来源:history

2型糖尿病的遗传易感性被发现

    A genetic2 susceptibility that gives a tenfold increased risk of developing type 2 diabetes3 has been discovered.
    一个可以导致十倍几率患2型糖尿病的遗传易感性被发现。
    The gene1 mutation4, found in the population of Greenland, will give clues to the different causes of the condition, say Danish scientists.   The research, published in Nature, adds to evidence genetics plays a role in the chances of developing diabetes.    Other factors included lifestyle, with obesity5 and a bad diet increasing risks, said a diabetes charity.    Several susceptibility genes6 have been linked with diabetes, meaning that if an individual is carrying one of these genes they face a greater risk of developing diabetes.   Danish researchers say the new mutation is present in almost one in five of Greenlanders.   But Prof Torben Hansen, of the University of Copenhagen, said it was not found in other European, Chinese or African-American populations, suggesting type 2 diabetes has multiple causes.   The gene variation raised the risk of type 2 diabetes by up to ten times, he told BBC News.   "We have identified a new and novel type 2 diabetes gene with a huge increased risk due to insulin(胰岛素) resistance in muscle," he added.   "Type 2 diabetes is not just one disease, it's many diseases."
    1 gene      n.遗传因子,基因 参考例句:
    A single gene may have many effects.单一基因可能具有很多种效应。
    The targeting of gene therapy has been paid close attention.其中基因治疗的靶向性是值得密切关注的问题之一。
    2 genetic      adj.遗传的,遗传学的 参考例句:
    It's very difficult to treat genetic diseases.遗传性疾病治疗起来很困难。
    Each daughter cell can receive a full netplement of the genetic information.每个子细胞可以收到遗传信息的一个完全补偿物。
    3 diabetes      n.糖尿病 参考例句:
    In case of diabetes, physicians advise against the use of sugar.对于糖尿病患者,医生告诫他们不要吃糖。
    Diabetes is caused by a fault in the insulin production of the body.糖尿病是由体内胰岛素分泌失调引起的。
    4 mutation      n.变化,变异,转变 参考例句:
    People who have this mutation need less sleep than others.有这种突变的人需要的睡眠比其他人少。
    So far the discussion has centered entirely around mutation in the strict sense.到目前为止,严格来讲,讨论完全集中于围绕突变问题上。
    5 obesity      n.肥胖,肥大 参考例句:
    One effect of overeating may be obesity.吃得过多能导致肥胖。
    Sugar and fat can more easily lead to obesity than some other foods.糖和脂肪比其他食物更容易导致肥胖。
    6 genes      n.基因( gene的名词复数 ) 参考例句:
    You have good genes from your parents, so you should live a long time. 你从父母那儿获得优良的基因,所以能够活得很长。 来自《简明英汉词典》
    Differences will help to reveal the functions of the genes. 它们间的差异将会帮助我们揭开基因多种功能。 来自英汉非文学 - 生命科学 - 生物技术的世纪

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