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中国的公共厕所简直是一场噩梦

中国的公共厕所简直是一场噩梦

分类:科技Science   更新:2015/5/23   来源:history

中国的公共厕所简直是一场噩梦

    For the uninitiated, entering a public lavatory1 in China can be a horrifying2 experience.
    对外国人来说,中国的公共厕所简直是一场噩梦。
    In smaller cities, or the countryside, the sight of an open trench3 filled with excrement4(粪便), coupled with a suffocating5 stench of sulphur and ammonia(氨), is often enough to send even the bravest tourist whimpering back to their hotel.   In the 1990s, a third of all netplaints to tourism officials in Beijing concerned the design, and odour, of public lavatories6.   China has battled stinky loos for at least 2,000 years. In the Kingdom of Wei (220-265AD), visitors to the palace bathrooms would find boxes of dates to stuff up their noses and ward7 off unpleasant odours.   However, both flushing lavatories and toilet paper were invented in China, although only initially8 for the use of the emperor.   Today, however, Chinese scientists have claimed victory in their battle to improve public rest rooms, unveiling a bacterial9 spray that can, they say, almost eliminate the smell of putrefaction10(腐败物).   First, a set of six strains of bacteria work to break down the odorous netpounds and then a perfume made from orange peel lightly scents11 the air.   The "smell-free lavatory" study from the Chinese Academy of Science was declared the "ultimate" cure to an "urgent" national issue.   "Five scientists have worked on this from 2011 to the beginning of this year," said Dr Yan Zhiying, a bacteriologist with the academy's Chengdu Institute of Biology, adding that they had spent £140,000 on the project.   "Some local government officials here visited a sewage plant and saw that the treatment technology had nete from Japan. They wanted a home-grown solution so they asked us to work on it," he added.   "We extracted bacteria from all type of excrement, human, pig, chicken and duck, and we tested our netpounds one by one," he said.   "The smells neting out of public lavatories, or cesspits, or rubbish tips, are made up of more than 160 different netpounds," he explained, adding that their bacteria, including a strain from the lactobacillus, saccharomycetes and actinomycetes families, can convert and absorb many of them.   He boasted that the Chinese formula, which costs around £5 per litre, has no side effects and can be used to fend12 off the stench of any type of biological denetposition13.   More recently, Beijing has waged a war to improve conditions in public lavatories, first introducing a star-rating and then, two years ago, drafting a rule that no more than two flies should be present in any of the city's facilities at the same time.
    1 lavatory      n.盥洗室,厕所 参考例句:
    Is there any lavatory in this building?这座楼里有厕所吗?
    The use of the lavatory has been suspended during take-off.在飞机起飞期间,盥洗室暂停使用。
    2 horrifying      a.令人震惊的,使人毛骨悚然的 参考例句:
    He went to great pains to show how horrifying the war was. 他极力指出战争是多么的恐怖。
    The possibility of war is too horrifying to contemplate. 战争的可能性太可怕了,真不堪细想。
    3 trench      n./v.(挖)沟,(挖)战壕 参考例句:
    The soldiers recaptured their trench.兵士夺回了战壕。
    The troops received orders to trench the outpost.部队接到命令在前哨周围筑壕加强防卫。
    4 excrement      n.排泄物,粪便 参考例句:
    The cage smelled of excrement.笼子里粪臭熏人。
    Clothing can also benete contaminated with dust,feathers,and excrement.衣着则会受到微尘、羽毛和粪便的污染。
    5 suffocating      a.使人窒息的 参考例句:
    After a few weeks with her parents, she felt she was suffocating.和父母呆了几个星期后,她感到自己毫无自由。
    That's better. I was suffocating in that cell of a room.这样好些了,我刚才在那个小房间里快闷死了。
    6 lavatories      n.厕所( lavatory的名词复数 );抽水马桶;公共厕所(或卫生间、洗手间、盥洗室);浴室水池 参考例句:
    But there would be no public lavatories in a quarter like this. 可是在这样的地方是找不到公共厕所的。 来自英汉文学
    The lavatories are at the rear of the cabin. 盥洗室在机舱的尾部。 来自互联网
    7 ward      n.守卫,监护,病房,行政区,由监护人或法院保护的人(尤指儿童);vt.守护,躲开 参考例句:
    The hospital has a medical ward and a surgical ward.这家医院有内科病房和外科病房。
    During the evening picnic,I'll carry a torch to ward off the bugs.傍晚野餐时,我要点根火把,抵挡蚊虫。
    8 initially      adv.最初,开始 参考例句:
    The ban was initially opposed by the US.这一禁令首先遭到美国的反对。
    Feathers initially developed from insect scales.羽毛最初由昆虫的翅瓣演化而来。
    9 bac

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