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科学家发现了80个以前未知的基因

科学家发现了80个以前未知的基因

分类:科技Science   更新:2015/5/23   来源:history

科学家发现了80个以前未知的基因

    Scientists have uncovered 80 previously1 unknown genes2 which may put people at risk of developing schizophrenia, research in Nature suggests.
    《自然》杂志的研究显示,科学家发现了80个以前未知的基因,这些基因有可能使人们患上精神分裂症。
    The team says the world's largest genetic3 study of the disease shows it can have biological causes - putting it on a par4 with(与……同等) other medical conditions.   Led by Cardiff University, the international group believes this could be a launch pad for new therapies.   Charities say that holistic5 approaches(整体分析) to the illness must continue.   Scientists have debated the relative role genes play in schizophrenia - a condition which affects more than 24 million people worldwide - for many years.   Now a global consortium across 35 countries has examined the genetic make-up of more than 37,000 people with the condition, netparing them with some 110,000 people without the disease.   'New biology'   Scientists found more than 100 genes that make people more susceptible6 to schizophrenia- 83 of which have never been pinpointed7 before.   Many of these genes are involved in the relay of chemical messages around the brain.    And others are known to be involved in the immune system - affecting the body's natural armoury against disease.   Prof Michael O'Donovan of Cardiff University who led the research said: "For many years it has been difficult to develop new lines of treatment for schizophrenia, hampered8 by a poor understanding of the biology of disease.   "Finding a whole new bunch of genetic associations opens a window for well-informed experiments to unlock the biology of this condition and we hope ultimately new treatments."   Prof David Curtis of University College London and one of the authors of the research told the BBC: "This study puts psychiatry9 into the same category as other parts of medicine.   "In the past we have struggled with the view that psychiatric conditions are not 'real' illnesses but early genetic studies had limited successes.    "Now we show with confidence that there are biological processes going awry(失败,出错)." 
    1 previously      adv.以前,先前(地) 参考例句:
    The bicycle tyre blew out at a previously damaged point.自行车胎在以前损坏过的地方又爆开了。
    Let me digress for a moment and explain what had happened previously.让我岔开一会儿,解释原先发生了什么。
    2 genes      n.基因( gene的名词复数 ) 参考例句:
    You have good genes from your parents, so you should live a long time. 你从父母那儿获得优良的基因,所以能够活得很长。 来自《简明英汉词典》
    Differences will help to reveal the functions of the genes. 它们间的差异将会帮助我们揭开基因多种功能。 来自英汉非文学 - 生命科学 - 生物技术的世纪
    3 genetic      adj.遗传的,遗传学的 参考例句:
    It's very difficult to treat genetic diseases.遗传性疾病治疗起来很困难。
    Each daughter cell can receive a full netplement of the genetic information.每个子细胞可以收到遗传信息的一个完全补偿物。
    4 par      n.标准,票面价值,平均数量;adj.票面的,平常的,标准的 参考例句:
    Sales of nylon have been below par in recent years.近年来尼龙织品的销售额一直不及以往。
    I don't think his ability is on a par with yours.我认为他的能力不能与你的能力相媲美。
    5 holistic      adj.从整体着眼的,全面的 参考例句:
    There is a fundamental ambiguity in the use of word "whole" in recent holistic literature.在近代的整体主义着作中,“整体”这个词的用法极其含混。
    In so far as historicism is technological,its approach is not piecemeal,but "holistic".仅就历史决定论是一种技术而论,它的方法不是渐进的,而是“整体主义的”。
    6 susceptible      adj.过敏的,敏感的;易动感情的,易受感动的 参考例句:
    Children are more susceptible than adults.孩子比成人易受感动。
    We are all susceptible to advertising.我们都易受广告的影响。
    7 pinpointed      准确地找出或描述( pinpoint的过去式和过去分词 ); 为…准确定位 参考例句:
    His refusal to help simply pinpointed his cowardice. 他拒绝帮助正显示他的胆小。
    Computers pinpointed where the shells were neting from. 计算机确定了炮弹发射的位置。
    8 hampered      妨碍,束缚,限制( hamper的过去式和过去分词 ) 参考例句:
    The search was hampered by appalling weather conditions. 恶劣的天气妨碍了搜寻工作
    So thought every harassed, hampered, respectable boy in St. Petersburg. 圣彼德堡镇的那些受折磨、受拘束的体面孩子们个个都是这么想的。
    9 psychiatry      n.精神病学,精神病疗法 参考例句:
    The study appeared in the Amercian science Journal of Psychiatry.这个研究发表在美国精神病学的杂志上。
  &nb

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