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专业四八级常用政治术语2

专业四八级常用政治术语2

分类:TEM8指导   更新:2008/10/17   来源:本站原创

专业四八级常用政治术语2

    工人阶级的先锋队the vanguard of the working class
    生产力、生产关系、经济基础、上层建筑productive force, relation of production, economic base, superstructure constitute
    科学技术是第一生产力science and technology are the primary productive force
    社会主义物质文明和精神文明material and spiritual civilizations of socialism
    有理想、有道德、有文化、有纪律的公民citizens with lofty ideals, moral integrity, better education and good sense of discipline
    自立意识、竞争意识、效率意识、民主法制意识和开拓创新意识self-reliance, competition, efficiency, democracy, the legal system, and the pioneering and innovative spirit
    依法治国和以德治国 the rule of law and the rule of virtue
    科教兴国战略the strategy of invigorating the country through science and education
    倡导爱国主义、集体主义、社会主义思想,反对和抵制拜金主义、享乐主义、极端个人主义等腐朽思想advocate patriotism, collectivism and socialism, combat and resist money worship,hedonism, ultra-egoism decadent ideas
    先天下之忧而忧,后天下之乐而乐be concern about the country and the people before anything else
    全心全意为人民服务、立党为公、执政为民serve the people heart and soul, work for the public and assumes power for the people
    解放思想、实事求是emancipating the mind, seeking truth from the facts
    主观主义、形而上学subjectivism, metaphysics
    民主集中制、党内民主democratic centralism, inner-Party democracy
    集体领导、民主集中、个别酝酿、会议决定 collective leadership, democratic centralism, case-specific consultation, decision through meeting
    政治路线确定之后,干部就是决定因素cardres are a decisive factor, once a political line is decided
    党管干部的原则the principle of the Party assuming the responsibility for cardres' affairs
    "公开、平等、竞争、择优open, fair, competition, basis of merits
    公开选拔、竞争上岗the upervision of appointment and promotion of officials, and the method for official performance assessment
    自重、自省、自警、自励self-discipline, self-examination, self-caution and self-motivation
    以权谋私、贪赃枉法、腐败分子to abuse power for personal gains, take bribes or bend the law, corrupt elements
    小康社会、小康生活well-to-do society, well-to-do life
    四项基本原则Four Cardinal Principles
    社会主义初级阶段the primary stage of socialism
    “政治合格、军事过硬、作风优良、纪律严明、保障有力”"gualified politically and competent militarily and that have a fine style of work, strict discipline and adequate logistic support"
    "台独" taiwan's "independence"
    和平与发展peace and development
    冷战cold war
    世界多极化、经济全球化world multi-polarization and economic globalization
    联合国宪章UN Charter
    独立自主、完全平等、相互尊重、互不干涉内部事务independence, completely equality, mutual respect and non-interference in each other's internal affairs
    世界贸易组织、关贸总协定World Trade Organization /The General Agreement of Tariff and Trade
    亚太经合组织Asia Pacific Economic Cooperation
    世贸中心World Trade Center
    恐怖主义terrorism
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