In many organizations, perhaps the best way to approach certain new projects is to assemble a
group of people into a team. Having a team of people attack a project offers several advantages.
First of all, a group of people has a wider range of knowledge, expertise, and skills than any single individual is likely to possess. Also, because of the numbers of people involved and the greater resources they possess, a group can work more quickly in response to the task assigned to it and can come up with highly creative solutions to problems and issues.
首先,一组人员意味着有比任何一个个体拥有更为广泛的知识、技能以及技巧。同时,因为 有更多数量人员的介入和更多资源的占有,团队工作可以以更快的速度对任务作出反应。同 时,也能创造性地解决遇到的问题和争议。
Sometimes these creative solutions come about because a group is more likely to make risky
decisions that an individual might not undertake. This is because the group spreads responsibility for a decision to all the members and thus no single individual can be held accountable if the decision turns out to be wrong.
由于在团队工作中个体无需承担风险,所以会倾向于作出冒险的决定。这就导致了团队工作 有时候可以创造性地解决问题。这是因为团队把团队决策的责任分摊给所有的成员了,这样 的话,即使决策最后证明是错的,也不会有任何个体需要对此负责。
Taking part in a group process can be very rewarding for members of the team. Team members
who have a voice in making a decision will no doubt feel better about carrying out the work that is entailed by the decision than they might doing work that is imposed on them by others. Also, the individual team member has a much better chance to “shine”, to get his or her contributions and ideas not only recogni