ensure 保证,担保:His industriousness and ability will ensure his success
diminish 减少，降低：His illness diminished his strength.
diplomat 外交家，外交官，圆滑的人：a career diplomat
discard 丢弃，抛弃：discard an old pair of shoes
discern 看出，觉察出：We could discern from his appearance that he was upset.
disclose 揭露，透露，使公开：disclose information to sb.
discharge 释放：The judge found him not guilty and discharged him.
discount 把打折扣，削价出售：The store discounts 3 per cent on all bills paid when due.
discriminate 区别，辨别：It’s difficult to discriminate between the twin brothers.
disgrace 丢脸，耻辱：bring disgrace on oneself
entertain 给。。。娱乐,使有兴趣:The child is entertaining himself with his building blocks
entitle 给。。。权利,给。。。资格:Robert was entitled to see the documents
equivalent 相等的,相同的:The misery of such a position is equivalent to its happiness
erase 擦掉,抹掉,消除:erase the chalk marks
erect 竖直的,垂直的,竖起的:an erect tree
erupt 喷发:The volcano is due to erupt any day
essence 本质,实质,要素:Being thoughtful of others is the essence of politeness
eternal 永恒的,永存的,永久的:eternal truths
evaluate 估价,评价:evaluate property
evaporate 蒸发,挥发:Heats evaporate water
exaggerate 夸张,夸大,对言过其实:keep to the facts and don’t exaggerate
exceed 超出,胜过:Her performance exceeded all the others
external 外面的,外部的:external signs of a disease
descend 下来，下降：Darkness descended too soon.
extract取出,提取:extract a confession
extravagant奢侈的,浪费的:be extravagant in one’s way of living
fabricate 建造,制造:The finest craftsmen fabricated this clock
facilitate使变得容易,使便利:Such a port would facilitate the passage of oil from the Middle East to Japan
fade 褪去:The color in this material will not fade
faint不清楚的,模糊的,微弱的:a faint idea
fancy想象力:Children usually have a lively fancy
divorce 离婚，分离，脱离：sue for a divorce
dominate 分配，统治：a white dominated society
donate 捐赠，赠送：They donate to the Red Cross every year.
doom 命运，厄运，劫数：His doom was to be poverty.
doze 打瞌睡，打盹儿：The old lady dozed in her armchair.
drain 慢慢排去：drain water from a pool
dread 怕，畏惧:I dread to think of what may happen.
drift 漂流，漂泊：The sounds of music drifted up to us.
dubious 引起怀疑的，不确定的：a dubious reply
due 欠款的，应支付的：A great deal of money is due to you.
dump 倾倒，倾卸：He opened his bag and dumped its contents on the desk.
duplicate 完全一样的，复制的：a duplicate key
excess 超越,超过:an excess of supply over demand
execute 实行,实施,执行,履行:execute a plan
exemplify 例示,举例证明,是的例证:The teacher exemplified the use of the word
exert 用力,尽力:exert all one’s strength