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高考英语作文十句作文法

高考英语作文十句作文法

分类:英语写作指导   更新:2012/12/10   来源:网友提供

高考英语作文十句作文法

十句作文法是由有关专家总结出来的一种高分作文方法,考生在经过短期训练之后便可较大幅度地提高成绩。为此有必要向考生加以介绍,目的是使一些对作文没有把握的考生找到一条可行的解决办法。需要指出的是所谓十句作文并非一定10句,从很多考生的高分(200词以下)来分析,句子数量在8句至12句(依句子长短和结构不

十句作文法是由有关专家总结出来的一种高分作文方法,考生在经过短期训练之后便可较大幅度地提高成绩。为此有必要向考生加以介绍,目的是使一些对作文没有把握的考生找到一条可行的解决办法。  

需要指出的是所谓十句作文并非一定10句,从很多考生的高分(200词以下)来分析,句子数量在8句至12句(依句子长短和结构不同而不同)。如以每个句子平均10—15个单词计算,便能用8—12个句子完成一篇要求120—150字的作文。

其基本模式为:

    ┌─主题句 句 1
第一段─┤
 开头 └─扩展句 句 2


    ┌─主题句 句 1
第一段─┤
 正文 ├─扩展句 句 2
├─扩展句 句 3
├─扩展句 句 4
├─扩展句 句 5
├─扩展句 句 6
├─扩展句 句 7
├─扩展句 句 8
└─扩展句 句 9

第三段 ──结尾句 句10

结尾

第一段为开头,包括两句。第一句为主题句,必须提出,通过问题点明全文主题;第二句为扩展句,须进一步说明和支持主题句。或是将关系倒过来,由第一句说明情况,第二句提出问题。

第二段为正文,共七句。第一句(句3)为主题句,提出本段的主题,它应与第一段的主题相关和一致。第二句至第七句(句4一句7)为扩展句,说明和支持本段的主题。句与句之间要注意运用好过渡使段落逻辑合理,结构得当。

第三段为结尾,简化为一句,也是全文的总结句,它将前面内容总结为一结果,表明自己的论点。

三段之间的连接要灵活运用“启、承、转、合”的连接过渡手段。例如:

Example 1

Television

Television presents a vivid world in front of us. (1)(主题句)Through TV, wecan learn what is happening half way across the world. (2)(扩展句)Television also plays an important educational role in our daily life. (3)(主题句) For one thing, the TV university provides an opportunity for many young men who can not go to formal universities. (4)(扩展句) For another, children can broaden their scope of knowledge by watching such popular programs as "The Animal World", and "The Mickey Mouse and Duck Donald". (5)(扩展句) Besides, women can learn about the latest fashion of dresses and the best recipe for making fruit cakes. (6)(扩展句) Furthermore, we learn many world advanced technologies from TV programs such as netputer and telenetmunication. (7)(扩展句) And also we can learn singing, dancing and doing physical exercises in some special TV training courses.(8)(扩展句) In short, the effect of TV's educational role is beneting more and more obvious. (9)(扩展句)

Having viewed these several aspects, and with many more TV program produced, I believe that our life will benete even more significant. (10)(总结句) (全文共165个词)

专家点评:本篇书面表达的内容要点介全,上下衔接自然,论据充分,运用了一些较高级的词汇和语句,是一篇欣赏价值较大的优秀范文。

1.本文是一篇典型的十句作文,主题句“Television presents a vivid world in front of us”点明了文章的主题,其他句子均围绕它进行扩展。扩展句(句2—9)内容详实,结束句(句10)总结性和概括性很强。整篇文章层次清晰,充分体现了十句作文法的特点。

2.较好地使用了大量的连接词,如for one thing, for another, besides, furthermore, and also等,另外,in short的使用也使结论更加清晰,概括更加明了。

3.最后的总结句富有创意,利用分词短语的形式把上下文连贯起来,体现了作者对英文句式的灵活应用,避免了一般性的概括语,很有特点。

4.使用了较高级的词汇句型,不单调,像宾语从句(what is happening halfway across the world, our life will benete more significant),宾语从句(who can not go to formal university),分词短语(by watching…,for making fruit cakes, having viewed these aspects),重点短语(plays an important educational role, provide…for…),高级单词(present, broaden, scope)和with复合结构(with many more TV programs produced)等,这些都极大地提升了文章的档次。

使用十句作文法,首先要仔细审题,确定文章的中心问题。主题句的表达特别重要,然后才能围绕中心进行扩展,使意图明确。扩展句一定要具体详细,不可太空、太泛,不要对与要求无关的内容进行随意发挥,更不可为了表现英语水平而写出文不对题的句子,画蛇添足。

Example 2

Changes in People's Diet

There have been some changes nowadays in the diet of the Chinese. (1)(主题句) For example, grain, the main food of most people in China, is now playing a less important role, while the consumption of high-nutrition food such as milk, meat has increased. (2) (扩展句)The changes in diet can be accounted for by a number of factors. (3) (主题句)

First,people are much wealthier than before. (4) (扩展句) With a higher innete,they can afford to buy good foods which, in the past, were rarely seen on the dinner tables of ordinary families. (5) (扩展句) Another factor is that people have realized the importance of a balanced diet to their health. (6) (扩展句) Lack of certain amount of meat or milk, for example, will result in poor health. (7) (扩展句) Finally, owing to the economic reform, meat and milk,which were scarce in the past, are produced in large quantities. (8) (扩展句) For all those reasons, what was formerly called "the basket of vegetables" has benete that of varied foods. (9) (扩展句)

To sum up, insignificant as those changes may seem, they are the signs of the improved economic condition in China, and we believe that as the effort in the modernization movement continues, there will be greater changes in people's diet in the future. (10) (总结句) (全文共195个词)

谋篇布局

1.审题确定格式、体裁、时态、人称等写作要点。

2.列出提纲,确定开头句、扩展句和总结句,选择好适宜的句型。

3、利用一些关联词或者过渡句把句子有机地连接起来,必要时可适当增加细节。

4、仔细检查,适当修改,保证句子结构完整,要点齐全,人称时态主谓一致。

5.认真誊写,卷面整洁。

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