Feature: Nuclear security for world peace and development
The Nuclear Security Summit in Washington D.C. has witnessed Chinese people's sincerity to achieve nuclear security through the unremitting efforts of Chinese President Hu Jintao.
Despite an exhausting 14-hour flight, the two-day summit has seen President Hu's active participation. Whether attending conferences, delivering speeches, or meeting foreign leaders, he would always detail about China's polices and practices in promoting nuclear security and international stability.
"The potential threat of nuclear terrorism cannot be neglected and the risk of nuclear material diversion and illicit trafficking is on the rise," Hu said in his speech entitled "Join Hands to Meet Nuclear Security Challenge and Promote Peace and Development" delivered at the Watler E. Washington Convention Center on Tuesday.
He called for concerted action by all countries in the world to enhance nuclear security by putting forward five proposals.
Over the years, China, a major power of nuclear energy development and a peace-loving country, has taken effective steps to ensure nuclear security and promote the peaceful use of nuclear energy.
After carrying out its very first nuclear experiment in 1964, China immediately announced to the world its commitment to not using nuclear force first under any circumstances.
Since its accession to the International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA) in 1984, China has signed with several countries agreements of cooperation for peaceful use of nuclear energy.
In 1988, China signed with the IAEA an agreement under which China, of its own will, would submit part of its civilian nuclear facilities to IAEA safeguards.
Shortly after China acceded to the Nuclear Non-Proliferation Treaty (NPT) in 1992, it signed the Convention on Nuclear Safety in 1994, and two years later, China announced to suspend nuclear testing.
Attending the UN Security Council Summit on Nuclear Non-Proliferation and Nuclear Disarmament last September, President Hu called for full respect of all countries' rights to the peaceful use of nuclear energy, to enhance nuclear security, reduce nuclear risks and combat nuclear terrorism through concerted efforts.
Hu reiterated on the occasion that China would adhere to its policy of not using nuclear weapons first at any time and under any circumstances, and unconditionally not using or threatening to use nuclear weapons against nuclear-free states or nuclear-free regions.
China's latest effort in promoting nuclear safety is demonstrated at the ongoing summit when President Hu introduced to the world China's policies and practices in this regard.
Hu said China has established relatively comprehensive nuclear security and safety regulations as well as monitoring systems, and adopted effective measures to ensure the security of nuclear materials and facilities.
Measures were also taken to control nuclear-related exports and to crack down on illegal trafficking of nuclear materials, Hu said.
The president also said China supports and strictly follows the current international conventions on nuclear security and has maintained close exchanges and cooperation with the IAEA and other countries in this field.
Besides, it is also actively providing nuclear security assistance to other developing countries, and is considering building a modeling center for nuclear safety, Hu added.
"Nuclear energy is clean and it should also be secure," said Hu.
That was quite inspiring and true for the president to say so in his speech at the summit. For he believes that as long as all nations hold fast to the spirit of mutual benefit and cooperation, the world will end the nightmare of nuclear insecurity and usher in an age of lasting peace and common prosperity.