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英文书信写作的步骤

分类:日常写作   更新:2015/12/21   来源:本站原创

    训练指导者方针的好坏是一个前提条件。合理地设置训练程序,使英语习作从初级到高级沿着一条循序渐进,由简到多的进程发展是成功训练者必须具备的指导思想。本篇认为,在习作训练的初期,应采纳一条从有材料可依的习作方式过渡到脱离本本进行自由写作方式的途径。从有材可依到元材可依的训练过程应包括三个阶段:

    一、短文缩写(Summary)阶段。

    短文缩写可以是就所学课文进行缩写,也可以采用其它阅读材料,但要求被缩写的材料难易程度不超过所学课本。被用于进行缩写的课文或其它材料必须观点明确,层次分明,叙述有条理。缩写时应做到简明扼要,抓住重点,不要拖泥带水,没有主次。初学阶段的被缩写材料不宜太长,以不超一千词为佳,缩写文以不超过2m词为佳。以下就一篇短文进行缩写,限于篇幅,短文内容有所节略。

    Most shops in Britain open at 9.00 a.m. and close at 5.00 or 5.30 in the evening. Small shopsusually close for an hour at lunchtime. On one or two days a week-usually Thursday and/or Friday-some large food shops stay until about 8.00 p.m. for late night shopping.

    Many shops are closed in the afternoon on one day a week. The days is usually Wednesday orThursday and it is a different day in different towns. Nearly all shops are closed on Sunday. News-paper shops are open in the morning, and sell sweets and cigarettes as well. But there are legal restrictions on selling many things on Sundays. Many large food shops(supermarkets)are self-service. When you go into one of these shops you take a basket and you put the things you wish to buy into it. You queue up at the cash-desk and pay for everything just before you leave. If anyone tries to take things from a shop without paying they are almost certain to be caught. Most shops have store detectives who have the job of catching shoplifters. Shoplifting is considered a serious crime by the police and the courts. When you are waiting to be served in a shop, itis important to wait your turn. It is important not to try to be served before people who arrived before you. Many people from overseas are astonished at the British habit of queuing.

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