Before reading the passage, think over the questions.
1. Do you know who Martin Luther King Jr. was?
2. When and where was the speech "I have a dream" given?
Now read the passage.
"I Have a Dream"
-- 30 Years Ago and Now
1 Few issues are as clear as the one that drew a quarter-million Americans to the Lincoln Memorial 30 years ago this August 28. "America has given the Negro people a bad check," the nation was told. It had promised equality but delivered second-class citizenship1, a back-of-the-bus status because of race. Few orators3 could define the injustice4 as eloquently6 as Martin Luther King Jr., whose words on that sweltering day remain etched in the public consciousness: "I have a dream that my four little children will one day live in a nation where they will not be judged by the color of their skin but by the content of their character."
2 The March on Washington had been the dream of a black labor7 leader, A. Philip Randolph, who, like the NAACP's Roy Wilkins, was a powerful figure in the civil-rights movement. But it was King who emerged as the symbol of the black people's struggle. His "I have a dream" speech struck such an emotional chord that recordings8 of it were made, sold, bootlegged and resold within weeks of its delivery. The magic of the moment was that it gave white America a new perspective on black America and pushed civil rights forward on the nation's agenda.
3 When the march was planned by a coalition9 of civil-rights, union and church leaders, nothing quite like it had ever been seen. Tens of thousands of blacks streamed into the nation's capi