Before reading the passage, think about the questions.
1. What makes human beings different from animals?
A. The ability to use tools.
B. The learning and sharing of behavior.
c. The use of language.
2. Do you think animals have a culture? If yes, give an example.
Now read the passage and compare your answers with the author's.
Do Animals Have a Culture?
1. Lately social scientists have begun to ask if culture is found just in humans, or if some animals have culture too. When we speak of culture, we mean a way of life a group of people have in common. Culture includes the beliefs and attitudes we learn. It is the patterns of behaviour that help people to live together. It is also the patterns of behaviour that make one group of people different from another group.
2. Our culture lets us make up for having lost our strength, claws, long teeth, and other defenses. Instead, we use tools, cooperate with one another, and communicate in language. But these aspects of human behaviour, or "culture", can also be found in the lives of certain animals.
3. We used to think that the ability to use tools was the dividing line between human beings and other animals. Lately, however, we have found that this is not the case. Chimpanzees can not only use tools but actually make tools themselves. This is a major step up from simply picking up a handy object and using it. For example, chimps2 have been seen stripping the leaves and twigs4 off a branch, then putting it into a termite5 nest. When the termites6 bite at the stick, the chimp1