What are the St. Bernard dogs used for?
The Great St. Bernard Pass connects Switzerland to Italy.
St. = saint(n.圣人, 圣徒 adj.神圣)
把...与…连接在一起 connect…to… / join….to… / link…with…
-- I can‘t connect the picture with my friend, Mary.
-- Are you connected with the government?
At 2,473 metres, it is the highest mountain pass in Europe.
At 2,473 metres(介词短语修饰全句用于句首表示原因、条件或状态)
-- In red, she looks much more beautiful.
-- At the age of 25, he is able. 在十五岁的时候, 他很能干。
-- At one point 65 metres, he is a little short.
The famous monastery of St. Bernard, witch was founded in the eleventh century, lies about
a mile away.
Found(v.建立, 创立)= set up(设立, 竖立)= establish(vt.成立，建立)
1> 非限制性定语从句只是对主句或主句中所出现的某个名词的补充、说明和解释, 去掉
-- Mr. Smith was a famous person in American history.
-- Mr. Smith, who died on July 17th at 84, was a famous person in American history.
-- There were very few passengers, who escaped without serious injury.(n.伤害)
旅客很少, 他们都逃出来了, 没有受到重伤。
-- There were very few passengers who escaped without serious injury.
-- The taxi drivers, who knew about the traffic jam, took another road.
-- The taxi drivers who knew about the traffic jam took another road, and others who didn‘t know
about the traffic jam still took this heavy road.
-- He lent me a thousand dollars, which was exactly the sum I needed.
-- He was left on the desert island, where he stayed for as long as three weeks.
For hundreds of years, St. Bernard dogs have saved the lives of travellers crossing the
Life(n.生命, 生活)à lives(life的复数)
These friendly dogs, which were first brought from Asia, were used as watchdogs even in
-- The panda, which was brought from China, was used as a symbol of friendship
Now that a tunnel ahs been built through the mountains, the Pass is less dangerous, but each
year, the dogs are still sent out into the snow whenever a traveller is in difficulty.
1> 用做时间连接词, 后面通常跟完成式
-- Now that you have left university, you have to find a job.
2> 用做原因连接词时, 后面时态不限
-- Now that you won‘t help me, I must do the job myself.
whoever, whatever, whenever, wherever, whichever, however
= no matter who/what/when/where/which/how
-- You can telephone me whenever you like. 无论什么时候你想打电话给我都行。
-- Whichever day you come, we‘ll be pleased to see you.
-- Wherever you go, I‘ll follow you.
-- However busy you are, you must spare some time to study English.
Despite the new tunnel, there are still a few people who rashly attempt to cross the Pass on
Despite(介词) = in?spite?of (of是介词)
attempt?to?do?something?= try?to?do?something 企图做某事
-- There are still a few students studying English in the classroom.
= There are still a few students who are studying English in the classroom.
During the summer months, the monastery is very busy, for it is visited by thousands of
people who cross the Pass in cars.
in cars = by car
As there are so many people about, the dogs have to be kept in a special enclosure.
-- Don‘t litter waste paper about. 不要到处扔废纸。 Litter(vt.乱丢, 铺草, 弄乱)
-- look about 到处看 / go about 到处走 / run about 到处跑 / wander about 到处闲逛
-- Keep him out. / Keep him in.(介词)
-- Do keep the cat in the room. (介词)
-- The?lamb?was?kept?tight?to?a?tree. = I kept the lamb tight to a tree.
lamb(n.小羊, 羔羊) / tight(adj.紧的, 绷紧的)
In winter, however, life at the monastery is quite different.
quite the opposite 恰恰相反
The temperature drops to -30°and very few people attempt to cross the Pass.
The monks prefer winter to summer of they have more privacy.
prefer A to B 宁愿A也不愿B
-- I prefer reading to doing nothing. 我宁愿看书, 也不愿什么都不做。
-- The boy prefers apples to bananas.
prefer to do sth than do sth
-- He prefers to read than do nothing. 我宁愿看书, 也不愿什么都不做。
The dogs have greater freedom, too, for they are allowed to wander outside their enclosure.
The only regular visitors to the monastery in winter are parties of skiers who go there at
Christmas and Easter.
The regular visitors to BeiJing.
These young people, who love the peace of mountains, always receive a warm welcome at
St. Bernard‘s monastery.
Mike, who loves chess very much, enter for the game.