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新概念英语第三册知识点讲解8

新概念英语第三册知识点讲解8

分类:新概念英语   更新:2015/6/5   来源:网络

新概念英语第三册知识点讲解8

  Southampton n.南安普敦(英国港市)

  Colossal adj.庞大的(= large in size)

  -- A ship Titanic was colossal.

  -- A colossal monument / A colossal statue

  big

  -- You give me a big surprise.

  -- He is a big person.(重要)

  -- The box is big.(large and heavy)

  large(体积大 、数量大)

  -- an?empty?large?box(体积大) / a?large?number?of?people(数量大)

  great?(伟大)

  vast?(辽阔、广阔)?-- vast?desert

  immense(adj.极广大的, 无边的)

  -- immense = immeasurable?不可测量的 (measurable adj.可测量的)

  -- an immense stadium / an immense iceberg

  enormous(重点突出数量、程度、体积)---强调程度时比big语气, 且更正式。

  -- We had an enormous lunch.

  -- He made a big success. / He made an enormous success.

  Giant(n.巨人, 大力士 adj.庞大的, 巨大的)= gigantic(adj.巨人般的, 巨大的)

  -- a?giant?person?

  tremendous (= big、fast、powerful)

  -- The plane is travelling at tremendous speed.

  Titanic(用于修饰人和物、体积大、力量大)

  -- The?ship?is?titanic.

  Huge

  -- 强调体积大a?huge?stone / 数量巨大a?huge?sum?of?money

  watertight adj.不漏水的 (-- a watertight ship)

  watertight(引申为无限可击的、毫无破绽的)

  -- watertight?arguments 无懈可击的论点 / watertight?excuse 毫无破绽的借口

  water proof(adj.防水的) proof(adj.不能透入的)

  -- waterproof?watch 防水手表 / waterproof?coat 防水雨衣

  compartment n.(轮船的)密封舱

  flood v.充满水(= be filled with water)

  -- The ship is flooded.

  -- The room was flooded with moonlight.

  -- Our classroom is flooded with sunshine.

  Flood n.洪水(-- in?flood 洪水泛滥)

  -- During the rains, the river is in flood

  引申表示连续不断的、滔滔不绝的(-- in?a?flood?of?words?)

  -- She blamed her husband in a flood of words on seeing him.

  Float v.漂浮, 飘浮 = drift(vi,vt漂浮, 漂荡, 漂流 n.漂流物, 漂流)

  tragic adj.悲惨的(= unfortunate)-- a tragic accident

  miserable(adj.痛苦的, 悲惨的)

  bitter adj.痛苦的

  tragedy n.悲剧, 惨案(-- in?tragedy以悲剧形式)

  -- The holiday ended in tragedy.

  Comedy n.喜剧

  comic adj.喜剧的, 滑稽的

  comical adj.古怪的, 可笑的(含有贬义)

  liner n.班船

  voyage n.航行(海上航行)/ flight飞行 / journey长途行程

  -- The voyage is more than the old lady can bear.

  navigation 航海, 航行学, 航海[航空]术

  -- navigation light 夜航灯光, 导航灯

  Iceberg n.冰山

  lookout n.了望员

  collision n.碰撞

  collide? vi?碰撞, 抵触

  -- The plane collided with the mountain.

  无效? v.坠毁

  -- It is said that there is an airplane that 无效ed in the mountains.

  conflict? vi.和某事(某人)相抵触

  -- My idea conflicts with yours.

  clash? vi.相冲突

  -- His?wedding?clashed?with?my?examination, so?I?couldn‘t?go.

  Narrowly adv.刚刚,勉强地

  miss v.避开

  slight adj.轻微的

  tremble v.震颤(有规律的、小幅度的抖动)

  -- Look, your hands are trembling. what‘s wrong with you?

  Shiver ?v.强调由于寒冷、惧怕而一连串地抖动

  -- I found he‘s shivering in a cold.

  shudder? vi.强调全身的颤栗

  -- The boy is shuddering, why? Because he was frightened.

  Faint adj.微弱的(= weak adj.弱的, 虚弱的)

  -- faint sound, weak sound / weak voice, faint voice

  = unconscious(adj.失去知觉, 无意识的)

  -- He has been faint for a long time.

  slight? adj.轻微的, 微不足道的

  -- a slight headache 点轻微的头疼 / a slight book 一本微不足道的书

  horror n.恐惧

  abandon v.抛弃(因为某事而被迫放弃自己喜爱的事物)

  -- He abandoned his research because of the war.

  desert?(vt.放弃, 遗弃, 离弃)

  -- desert the army / desert the duty / desert his family

  plunge v.投入,跳入(= jump or rush suddenly and wildly)

  -- He got so angry that he plunge into the water.

  -- When the ship Titanic sank in the ocean, a large number of people plunged into...

  jump(侧重强调快速地跳)

  -- The boy is jumping up and down.

  Leap vt. 跳跃, 跳越(-- He?leapt?out?of?the?sleeping?bad.)

  Dive vi.潜水, 跳水, 下潜, 俯冲

  lifeboat n.救生船

  passenger n.乘客, 旅客

  crew n.全体人员 ton n.吨, 大量, 许多

  unsinkable adj.不会下沉的,不会沉底的

  sinking n.沉没 Atlantic n.大西洋 adj.大西洋的

  Alarm n.警报

  Sharply adj.突然地, 急剧地, 强烈地, 尖锐地

  Direct adj.直接的, 笔直的

  Trembling adj.发抖的, 震颤的, 颤抖的 n.发抖, 震颤

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