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新概念英语与四六级考试写作

新概念英语与四六级考试写作

分类:写作技巧   更新:2010/4/3   来源:网络

新概念英语与四六级考试写作

    我们先看一篇作文:
    Directions: For this part, you are allowed 30 minutes to write an open letter on behalf of the student union asking people to give help to a student who is seriously ill. You should write at least 150 words following the outline given below:
    对病人的简单介绍:目前的病情和家庭情况人
    目前的困难:无法继续承担医疗费用,需要护理
    先抛开这篇文章,我们来看看新概念三册是如何提高我们写作能力的。新概念三册通过对各类精美句式的讲解和练习,着力把学员的句型运用能力提升到一个新的高度。课文中的优秀句式层出不穷,“钻石句型”贯穿于整本书。新概念教导学生文不厌读,要求熟读甚至背诵这些钻石句型,存于脑海之中。冰冻三尺非一日之寒,诵读背记的过程就是积累的过程,所谓厚积而薄发,脑中藏书万卷,方可下笔如神。
    请看下面一篇考试范文:
    Here is a story of an unfortunate boy.
    Jack, an undergraduate of English College, has long been assailed by grave disease. He was born in a miserable family where life is a perpetual struggle against poverty. His father works as a dustman with narrow wages, virtually the only source of income of the family. Life is wretched indeed. As if this were not enough to reduce them to tears, the father had his both legs broken some time ago and should be confined to bed. The loss of job makes the whole family faced with even more economic odds. Normal living proves to be a problem, not to mention the huge sums of medical expenses. Chances that Jack will be fully recovered are remote considering the lack of money and the absence of nursing staff.
    So, we shouldn’t let the misfortune pass unnoticed. On behalf of the student union, I would like to ask for your help. Your kindness and generosity will put the family out of trouble. Whoever will make donations is requested to dial 315.
    Profound thanks from Student Union.
    上面这篇文章在四CETDL/" target="_blank">六级考试中得了高分,细细分析一下,作者不是新概念的学员,起码也涉猎过新概念的文章,因为文章中很多句型都可以在新概念三册中找到似曾相识的影子:
    1. sb has long been assailed by …
    说某人长期怎么样,如果再照搬以前的词组for a long time,已经有点落伍啦。新概念三册The first calendar 《最早的日历》中给我们提供了一个很好的版本:Historians have long been puzzled by……课堂上老师一定会把这个句型分析扩展运用。另外,讲到一个人遭受不幸,如果你脱口还是suffer,那只能停留在初级水平。新概念三册又推出一个“黄金单词”,assail表示长期折磨一个人。这样一来,恰当的词组和“黄金单词”巧妙的组合,优美的句子便一挥而就了!
    2. 讲到家庭条件差,生活困苦不堪,这里的life is a perpetual struggle against poverty便是新概念三册中The power of the press《新闻报道的威力》里面的原句,这可不是抄袭,大家放心大胆地用。当然,最好能够举一反三,自己照着句子或短语结构创造一些新的句子或短语,用在自己的文章中,更能起到出其不意的效果。
    3.His father works as a dustman with narrow wages, virtually the only source of income of the family. 父亲做的是清洁工作,很多同学往往会说,his father is a dustman,而熟悉新概念三册的学生就会很自然想到运用work as这个结构,虽然语义上没有差别,但对却是英语功底的体现,对阅卷老师的心理也会有微秒的影响。关于“父亲的微薄工资几乎是家里惟一的经济来源”一句中的后半句,范文也运用了新概念三册Illusions of pastoral peace《宁静田园生活的遐想》一文中某句话的翻版: the long and friendless winter evenings in front of the TV——virtually the only form of entertainment(在电视机前的漫长寂寞的冬夜——电视是惟一的娱乐形式)。
    4.家里条件已经很差了。但屋漏偏逢连夜雨,惟一的经济来源——父亲把脚摔断了,丢了工作,失去了收入。当你为“好像这情况还不够糟” 英文怎么表达而犯愁的时候,想用 What is worse或to make matters worse,又觉得这些是被人无数次用过的陈词滥调;当你为不知如何用优美的英语表达“那户人家将面对更加严峻的经济问题”,有些甚至同学很可能犯语法错误,写下“the family will face even more serious problems”,那么新概念三册中有没有这样的例句呢?答案是肯定的,As if this were not enough to reduce sb to tears以及sb is faced with even more pressing economic odds 都是新概念三册文章中的原话。
    5.再来看第一段最后一句:Chances that Jack will be fully recovered are remote considering the lack of money and the absence of nursing staff。说到Jack尽快回复的可能性很小。如果用It is less likely that 当然可以,但这个句型缺乏新意,难以赢得阅卷老师的青睐。而新概念三册Collecting《收藏》一文中有这么一句话:Chances that she will ever be able to afford such purchases are remote.学过这么一个经典句型(Chances that ……are remote …的希望很渺茫)。
    6.第二段第一句:we shouldn’t let the tragedy pass unnoticed。一句简单的话足以体现考生对英语语言的驾驭能力。其中也运用了新概念三册中一个语法难点,同样也是钻石句型。用形容词unnoticed宾语补足语。新概念三册的书本中有很多类似这样的句型:
    The Ombudsman’s prompt action at once put an end to an unpleasant practice which might have gone unnoticed.(司法特派员及时采取行动迅速制止了这一起不愉快的事件,不然这件事很可能因为没有得到人们注意而不了了之。)
    They fly uninvited into our rooms (他们未经邀请便飞到我们的房间里)。
    很多同学在四六级考试时会有“书到用时方恨少”的感觉,而这种感觉在作文时尤其强烈,搜肠刮肚,绞尽脑汁也凑不出一篇满意的文章,或是句式简单乏味,或是语法错误百出。而如果你掌握并熟背了新概念三册课文中的句型,情况就会大有改观,轻松地跳出短句

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