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阅读理解知识点练习题2

阅读理解知识点练习题2

分类:阅读理解   更新:2015/5/28   来源:网络

阅读理解知识点练习题2

  Cars are an important part of life in the United States. Without a car most people feel that they are poor. And even if a person is poor he doesn't feel really poor when he had a car.

  Henry Ford was the man who first started making cars in large numbers. He probably didn't know how much the car was going to affect American culture. The car made the United Stated a nation on wheels. And it helped make the United States what it is today.

  There are three main reasons why the car become so popular in the United States. First of all, the country is a huge one and Americans like to move around in it. The car provides the most comfortable and cheapest form of transportation. With a car people can go anyplace without spending a lot of money.

  The second reason cars are popular is the fact that the United States never really developed an efficient and inexpensive form of public transportation. Long-distance trains have never been as common in the country as they are in other parts of the world. Nowadays there is a good system of air-service provided by planes. But it is too expensive to be used frequently.

  The third reason is the most important one, though. The American spirit of independence is what really made cars popular. Americans don't like to wait for a bus, or a train or even a plane. They don' t like to have to follow an exact schedule. A car gives them the freedom to schedule their own time. And this is the freedom that Americans want most to have.

  The gas shortage has caused a big problem for Americans. But the answer will not be a bigger system of public transportation. The real solution will have to be a new kind of car, one that does not use so much gas.

  41. Most Americans feel they are poor when they ________.

  A) have no job

  B) have no food

  C) have no money

  D) have no car

  42. Henry Ford was the first to ________ cars in large numbers.

  A) invent

  B) sell

  C) have

  D) produce

  43.“A nation on wheels”means that ________.

  A) the country is producing the best cars in the world

  B) everyone in this country owns a car

  C) cars play a very important role in people' lives

  D) there are more cars than trains in this country

  44. With a car people can go ________ easily.

  A) anywhere

  B) to anyplace

  C) to anywhere

  D) any place

  45. The real solution to the gas shortage problem is ________.

  A) to make less cars

  B) to develop a public transportation system

  C) to make gas-saving cars

  D) to develop train service

  参考译文

  汽车是美国人生活中一个重要的部分。没有车,大多数人认为他们是贫穷的。而即使一个人很穷,如果他有了一辆车,他也不觉得很穷了。

  亨利·伏特是第一个大量生产汽车的人。他很可能不知道汽车会在多大程度上影响到美国文化。汽车使得美国成为一个骑在轮子上的国家,它使得美国成为今天的模样。

  汽车在美国变得如此受欢迎的原因主要有三个。首先,美国国土辽阔,而美国人又愿意搬迁。汽车成为最舒适、最便宜的交通方式。有了一辆车,人们不需要花很多钱就可以到任何地方。

  汽车受欢迎的第二个原因就是,事实上美国从来没有真正开发出一种效率又高、价格又便宜的公共交通方式。在美国,长途火车的普及率远不如其他国家那么高。如今,飞机可以提供很好的航空服务,但是它的费用太高了,不可能经常使用。

  第三个原因,也是最重要的原因,美国人的独立精神是真正使得汽车受欢迎的原因。美国人不喜欢等公交车,火车甚至是飞机。他们不喜欢按照固定的时间行事。有了汽车,等于赋予了他们决定自己时间的自由,而这种自由正是美国人最想要拥有的。

  燃油短缺给美国人造成了一个很大的问题。但是解决问题的答案不在于扩大公交系统。真正的解决方案是要开发出一种新的汽车,不需要费那么多油的汽车。

  答案及精解

  41.【答案精解】D。细节题。文章第一段第二句话Without a car most people feel that they are poor可以找到答案。

  42.【答案精解】D。细节题。第二段第一句Henry Ford was the man who first started making cars in large numbers,making制造,等于produce。

  43.【答案精解】C。推理题。原文The Car made the United Stated a nation on wheels.说明在美国,汽车很受欢迎,汽车对于美国人来说是非常重要的。

  44.【答案精解】A。释义题。找到原句,第三段末尾With a car people call go anyplace without spending a lot of money,anyplace连在一起写等于anywhere,都是副词,可以直接与动词连用,但是不与介词to连用,所以B、C是错误选项。而分开写的any place则是名词词组,需要与to连用to any place.所以A是正确的答案。

  45.【答案精解】C。细节题。文章最后一句,The real solution will have to be a new kind of Car,one that does not use so much gas不使用很多汽油的车,当然就是gas—saving cars节能汽车了。

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