Cars are an important part of life in the United States. Without a car most people feel that they are poor. And even if a person is poor he doesn't feel really poor when he had a car.
Henry Ford was the man who first started making cars in large numbers. He probably didn't know how much the car was going to affect American culture. The car made the United Stated a nation on wheels. And it helped make the United States what it is today.
There are three main reasons why the car become so popular in the United States. First of all, the country is a huge one and Americans like to move around in it. The car provides the most comfortable and cheapest form of transportation. With a car people can go anyplace without spending a lot of money.
The second reason cars are popular is the fact that the United States never really developed an efficient and inexpensive form of public transportation. Long-distance trains have never been as common in the country as they are in other parts of the world. Nowadays there is a good system of air-service provided by planes. But it is too expensive to be used frequently.
The third reason is the most important one, though. The American spirit of independence is what really made cars popular. Americans don't like to wait for a bus, or a train or even a plane. They don' t like to have to follow an exact schedule. A car gives them the freedom to schedule their own time. And this is the freedom that Americans want most to have.
The gas shortage has caused a big problem for Americans. But the answer will not be a bigger system of public transportation. The real solution will have to be a new kind of car, one that does not use so much gas.
41. Most Americans feel they are poor when they ________.
A) have no job
B) have no food
C) have no money
D) have no car
42. Henry Ford was the first to ________ cars in large numbers.
43.“A nation on wheels”means that ________.
A) the country is producing the best cars in the world
B) everyone in this country owns a car
C) cars play a very important role in people' lives
D) there are more cars than trains in this country
44. With a car people can go ________ easily.
B) to anyplace
C) to anywhere
D) any place
45. The real solution to the gas shortage problem is ________.
A) to make less cars
B) to develop a public transportation system
C) to make gas-saving cars
D) to develop train service
41.【答案精解】D。细节题。文章第一段第二句话Without a car most people feel that they are poor可以找到答案。
42.【答案精解】D。细节题。第二段第一句Henry Ford was the man who first started making cars in large numbers，making制造，等于produce。
43.【答案精解】C。推理题。原文The Car made the United Stated a nation on wheels.说明在美国，汽车很受欢迎，汽车对于美国人来说是非常重要的。
44.【答案精解】A。释义题。找到原句，第三段末尾With a car people call go anyplace without spending a lot of money，anyplace连在一起写等于anywhere，都是副词，可以直接与动词连用，但是不与介词to连用，所以B、C是错误选项。而分开写的any place则是名词词组，需要与to连用to any place.所以A是正确的答案。
45.【答案精解】C。细节题。文章最后一句，The real solution will have to be a new kind of Car，one that does not use so much gas不使用很多汽油的车，当然就是gas—saving cars节能汽车了。